高三英语知识点归纳_高三英语易错知识点汇编

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高三英语易错知识点汇编

高三英语易错知识点汇编 高三英语易错知识点1 名词的单复数形式的误判 【典例】—What do you think the should do first —They should learn to take as well as share rights in life. A. grown-up;
responsibility B. growns-up;
responsibility C. grown-ups;
responsibilities D. growns-ups;
responsibilities 错因分析:有些考生以为grown是复合名词的中心词,其复数形式应 该在grown后面加-s;另一方面认为responsibility是不可数名词,没有复数形式,从 而错选B.其实,grown-up没有中心名词,其复数形式应该在up后面加-s;同时根据 语境可知,responsibility指义务,该单词作“义务,职责”讲时,可作可数名词或 不可数名词,故正确答案选C. 复合名词的复数形式一般在中心名词后面加-s,如:looker-on → lookers-on, son-in-law → sons-in-law;但是当复合名词没有中心名词时,其复数 形式是在最后的词后面加-s,如:grown-up → grown-ups;
go-between → go-betweens. 高三英语易错知识点2 名词的格的误用 【典例】—Look! This is . —Very beautiful. When did she take it A. my mother‘s picture B. my mother in the picture C. a picture of my mother D. a picture of my mother‘s 错因分析:考生可能受汉语思维的影响,错选A或B;也可能受英语双 重所有格的影响,错选D.根据语境可知,正确答案选C. my mother‘s picture,意为“我妈妈所拥有的照片”,暗含“照片上不一 定是我妈妈”;
a picture of my mother‘s意为“我妈妈所拥有的照片中的一张”,同样, 暗含“照片上不一定是我妈妈”;
a picture of my mother意为“我妈妈的照片(照片中 是妈妈)”;my mother in the picture意为“照片中我的妈妈”,暗含“不是真实的妈妈”。高三英语易错知识点3 名词作定语的误用 【典例】—Where does your sister work, Jack —She works in a . A. shop of cloth B. cloth‘s shop C. shop with clothes D. clothes shop 错因分析:有些考生会因为对名词作定语的用法运用不当而错选B. 其实,clothes“服装”只有复数形式,而单数形式“布店”应用shop for cloth或cloth shop,因此,根据语境可知,正确答案选D. 名词作定语时一般用其单数形式,然而,名词parents, clothes, sports 等,作定语时必须要使用其复数形式。另外,man, woman作定语时,如果中 心词是单数,则用其单数形式;如果中心词是复数,则用其复数形式。

高三英语易错知识点4 对不可数名词的应用判断失误 【典例】—I find it very difficult to read novel you lent me last week. —Yes. It‘s necessary to have good knowledge of history. A. the;不填 B. a;不填 C. the;
a D. a;
a 错因分析:考生可能以为第一空是特指对方上周所借给“我”的小说, 故应填定冠词;第二空后面是抽象名词,为不可数名词,不填冠词,于是错选A. 然而,此处knowledge之前须用不定冠词,have a good knowledge of意为“对…… 很了解”,是固定搭配,故正确答案选C. 英语中,有些抽象名词,如knowledge, history, failure, success, help, pleasure, surprise, honour等表示抽象概念时,其前面不用不定冠词, 如:with pleasure, in surprise等。但是,当表示具体的概念时,其前面须用不定 冠词,也可以用其复数形式。

高三英语易错知识点5、非谓语 1.语法单句填空1.Time, used(use) correctly, is money in the bank. (2012湖南) 2.Having spent(spend) the past year as an exchange student in Hong Kong, Linda appears more mature than those of her age.(14福建) 3.Having been shown(show) around the Water Cube, we were then taken to see the Bird’s Nest for the 2008 Olympic Games.(08陕西) 4.Standing(stand) in a long queue, we waited for the store to open to buy a New iPad. (2012陕西) 5. Tired(tire) and short of breath, Andy and Ruby were the first to reach the top of Mount Tai.(09浙江) 6.The next thing he saw was smoke rising(rise) from behind the house. (2011全国I) 7. George returned after the war, only to be told(tell) that his wife had left him.(2012山东) 8.The lecture having been given(give), a lively question-and-answer session followed.(2014江苏) 9.To free(free) ourselves from the physical and mental tensions, we each need deep thought and inner quietness. (2014湖南) 10.Absorbed(absorb) in the book she was reading, Mary didn’t notice me approaching. 11.Children, whenaccompanied(accompany)by their parents, are allowed to enter the stadium.(2014湖南) 12.Though surprised(surprise)to see us,the professor gave us a warm welcome.(2010全国Ⅱ卷) 13.Though lacking(lack)money, his parents managed to send him to university. 14.While crossing(cross) the street, you can’t be too careful. 15.When completed( complete), the museum will be open to the public next year. 16. The witnesses questioned(question) by the police just now gave verydifferent deions of the fight. (2013陕西) 17.His first book to be published(publish) next month is based on a true story. (2010陕西) 18.Volunteering gives you a chance to change (change)lives, including your own.(2013北京) 19.Prices of daily goods bought(buy) through a computer can be lower than prices in stores. (2002全国春) 20.There is a note pinned to the door saying (say)when the shop will open again. (2014山东) 21.With the government’s aid, those affected(affect) by the earthquake have moved to the new settlements. (2009上海) 22.Ladies and gentlemen, please remain seated(seat) until the plane has come to a complete stop. (2009四川) 23. Mrs. Brown was much disappointed to see the washing machine she had had repaired(repair) went wrong again. (1999上海) 24.Tom was explaining to us and he was trying to make himself understood(understand). 25.With many brightly colored flowersplanted(plant) around the building, his house looks like a beautiful garden. 26.Lost(lose) in the mountains for a week, the two students were finally saved by the local police. (05江苏) 27.As the old saying goes, friendship is like money easier made than kept(keep). 28.When she was on his way back home, she had her wallet stolen(steal) yesterday. 29.Caught (catch) in the heavy rain, he was all wet. 30.Given(give) more time, we could do it much better. 31.Dressed(dress)in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. 32.Lost(lose) in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him.33.Driven(drive)by a greater demand of vegetables, farmers have built more green houses. 34.Seen(see) from the top of hill, the town looks more beautiful. 35.When they got there, the girl was found beaten( beat) black and blue. 36.The club, founded(found) 25 years ago, is holding a party for past and present members. 37.I like getting up very early in summer. The morning air is so good to breathe(breathe). 38.I am not accustomed tobeing treated( treat) like this. 39. The living room is clean and tidy, with a dining table already laid (lay) for a meal to be cooked 41. Film has a much shorter history, especially when compared( compare) to such art forms as music and painting. 2.语法单句改错 1.It is difficult to understandingwhy she barks every minute she"s outside.(2014年辽understand 2.He wantedteachme about animals, insects and trees.(2014 陕西)to teach 3.She used to holdingme on her knees and sing old songs.(2013新课标全 国)hold 4. She never seemedcare what the rest of us thought about her. to care 5.It was a lesson to us that it was possible givewithout expecting anything in return. give 6.A very much famous writer agreed to readingmy story and give me some advice. read 7.One evening at sunset, we sat by the fire, hadour barbecue.(2014 陕 西)having 8.Felthungry, we built a fire by the lake and barbecued the fish.(2013陕 西)Feeling9.Followthis explanation, there was a rapid drop in the number of reported sightings.(2011辽宁)Following 10.Third, we should find ways to reuse the water usingin washing.(2012 大纲全国II)used 11.I also shared with my friends many photos takingin Beijing.(2012陕 西)taken 12.The assistant was clearly as embarrassingas my sister. embarrassed 13.“I’m pleasingto hear it,” said his boss, but where were you yesterday” pleased 14.After thinkfor some time, I let her copy my answers.(2013年四 川)thinking 15.He isn’t good at talkbut he gets on well with other people. (2013新课 标)talking 16.Have tea in the late afternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner, that might not be served until 8 o"clock at night. (2013年新课标Ⅱ) Having 17.Thank you so much for not only giving me life, but also teachme how to be a good person. (2012四川) teaching 18.I soon got used to livewithout my parents around.(2011重庆)living 19.The foreigner tried his best to make his pointbe understood.划去be 20.They found a piece of rope with one end tyingin a circle.tied 21. Mark got his hands to burnt in the accident.划去to 22. What kept you so exciting excited 23.You should speak loudly enough to make yourself hear. heard 24.I noticed the traffic holdingup after a bad accident. held 25.She denied there beany misunderstanding between them.being 26. There were so many people in the street watchthe fire that firefighters couldn’t get close to the building .watching27.Weatherpermits, we are going to visit you tomorrow. permitting 高三英语易错知识点6 对专有名词的应用判断失误 【典例】—Do you know Li Ming —Li Ming Which one I know Li Ming in our class very well. He is Lei Feng of our times. A. 不填;不填 B. a;
a C. a;
the D. the;
the 错因分析:有些考生可能以为两个空后面的名词都是人名,前面不用 冠词,于是错选A.然而,联系语境可知,答话者至少认识两个李明,而特指他班 上的那个李明时前面须用定冠词;后一空的Lei Feng由of our times修饰,说明是我 们时代的特征,须用定冠词,故正确答案选D. 人名前面加定冠词,指特定的某个人或某个人的主要特征。地名前面 一般不用定冠词,但是当指特定某时期的地方或某地的主要特征时,须用定冠词。

如:China → the China (of) today;
America → the America of last century;
the New York of China等。表姓氏的复数名词前面用定冠词表示夫妇两人或全家人,如:
the Greens.推荐访问:知识点 英语 汇编 高三英语易错知识点汇编 高三生物知识点总结 高中生物重点知识归纳

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