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in,my,own,words

第一篇:in,my,own,words

词汇 1. remarkable ----不平常的, 非凡的, 值得注意的, 显著的 2. Julius Caesar---- 凯撒,尤利乌斯 100-44 罗马将军、政治家、历史学家 3. hypnotise/ hypnotize----To put into a state of hypnosis.----hypnotist hypnotism 催眠 术 4. convinced 确信的, 深信的---convince 使确信, 使信服 sb. of sth 5. stuffy----1, 不通气的 2, 枯燥无味的:stuff staff 6. drown----To kill by submerging and suffocating in water or another liquid 淹死 7. ashore----向岸边 8. proper----适当的, 正确的 9. soak---- 浸透 答案

答案

A. abacc b B. FTFF C. Number of men

one hundred or more Journey from France to Britain Means of transport boat Weather conditions stormy Food cat food Drink rain water Condition of weapons after landing useless Fighting none Equipment lost or damaged

boat lost, guns full of water, supplies of wine lost Soldiers killed or wounded

about ten survivors, all others drowned or killed by cold D. The following did not exist in Roman times

petrol, newspaper, matches, trousers, tinned food, taps, guns, wine bottles. 50 BC could not appear on a coin. 50-55 BC is counting backwards. E. 1. terrible / stormy / or more of us / shut in / so bad / sick / stuffy 2. pushed up onto the sands / climbed out / jumping into the / struggling to the / up to my shoulders / freezing 3. came and took us away / joined / going into the camp / a hot meal / clean clothes / given our pay 文本

文本: In your own words! Announcer

And now, at 10:50 it's time for "In Your Own Words", in which we interview people with unusual stories to tell. Here to introduce the programme is Patricia Newell. Good morning, Patricia. Patricia

Good morning, and good morning everyone. With me in the studio now is this morning's guest, Trevor Cartridge. Good morning, Trevor. Trevor

Good morning, Patricia. Patricia

Trevor, you have one of the most unusual stories I've ever heard. Yet, nowadays, you seem to lead a very ordinary life. Trevor

Yes, Patricia. I'm a dentist. I live and work in London. Patricia

But at one time you used to have a different job? Trevor

Yes, I was a soldier. Patricia

A soldier? Trevor

That's right. Patricia

And how long ago was that? Trevor

Oh, about two thousand years ago. Patricia

That's right. Trevor Cartridge believes that he was a soldier in the army of Julius Caesar. He remembers coming to Britain with the Roman army two thousand years ago. Trevor, tell us your remarkable story ... in your own words! Trevor

Well, funnily enough, it all began because I wanted to give up smoking. Patricia

Give up smoking! Trevor

Mm, I used to smoke too much and I tried to give up several times, but I always started smoking again a few days later. In the end I went to a hypnotist. He hypnotized me, and I stopped smoking at once. I was delighted, as you can imagine. Patricia

Yes? Trevor

That made me very interested in hypnotism, and I talked to the hypnotist about it. He told me that some people could remember their past lives when they were hypnotized, and he asked if I wanted to try. I didn't believe it at first, but in the end I agreed. He hypnotized me, and sure enough, I remembered. I was a Roman soldier in Caesar's army. Patricia

You didn't believe it at first? Trevor

I didn't believe it before we tried the experiment. Now I'm absolutely convinced it's true. Patricia

What do you remember? Trevor

Oh, all kinds of things, but the most interesting thing I remember is the night we landed in Britain. Patricia

You remember that? Trevor

Oh yes. It was a terrible, stormy night. There were a hundred or more of us in the boat. We were all shut in, because the weather was so bad and most people were sick, because it was very stuffy. There was a terrible smell of petrol, I remember. Lots of men thought we should go back to France. It wasn't called 'France' then, of course. Patricia

And there was a smell of petrol? Trevor

Yes, it was terrible. The weather got worse and worse. We thought we were going to die. In the end the boat was pushed up onto the sands, and we climbed out. I remember jumping into the water and struggling to the beach. The water was up to my shoulders and it was a freezing night. A lot of men were killed by the cold or drowned in the storm, but I managed to get ashore. Patricia

You did? Trevor

Yes. There were about ten survivors from our boat, but even then our troubles weren't over. We found a farmhouse, but it was deserted. When the people read the newspapers, and knew that we were coming, they were terrified. They took all their animals and all their food, and ran away into the hills. Of course, there were no proper roads in those days. Well, we went into the house and tried to light a fire, but we couldn't even do that. We always kept matches in our trousers' pockets, so naturally they were all soaked. We couldn't find anything to eat, except one tin of cat food. We were so hungry, we broke it open with our knives, and ate it. We found a tap, but the water was frozen. In the end we drank rainwater from the tin. We sat very close together and tried to keep warm. We could hear wolves but we didn't have any weapons, because our guns were full of seawater. By the morning, the storm was over. We went on to the beach and found what was left of the boat. We managed to find some food, and we hoped there was some wine too, but when we opened the box all the bottles were broken. Patricia

So what happened? Trevor

We waited. Finally another boat came and took us away, and we joined the other soldiers. I remember going into the camp, and getting a hot meal, and clean clothes. It was wonderful. We were given our pay, too. I remember the date on the coins, 50 BC. It was an exciting time. Patricia

And did you stay in Britain? Trevor

Oh yes, I was here for five years, from 50 BC to 55 BC. I enjoyed my stay in Britain very much. Patricia

And then you went back to Rome? Trevor

I can't remember anything after that. Patricia

Well, Trevor Cartridge, thank you for telling us your story, in your own words.

第一篇:in,my,own,words

新世纪高等院校英语专业本科生系列教材(修订版) 综合教程第六册(第2版) 电子教案 Unit 1 A Class Act 上海外语教育出版社 Consolidation Activities Text Comprehension Writing Strategies Language Work Translation Oral Activities Writing Listening Exercises 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Text 1

Text Comprehension I. Decide which of the following best states the author's purpose. A. To give an account of the author’s hard life at home and at school during the Second World War. B. To illustrate that words of compassion in times of need enable a person to regain his confidence and exert a lasting influence. C. To present a picture of different teachers at her school. [B] 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Text 1

Text Comprehension II. Judge, according to the text, whether the following statements are true or false. [ T ] 1. Because of her father’s ingenuity and mother’s thrift, the author’s parents could manage to support the family and keep their children well-fed and decently clothed in school. [ T ] 2. It was the deputy headmistress’ duty to single out and punish the pupils who failed to behave themselves at the school. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Text 1

Text Comprehension [ F ] 3. The author hoped that her parents would be more protective and speak to the deputy headmistress on her behalf. [ F ] 4. The author felt excited when her family won a free photographic portrait sitting, because she could wear the same blue uniform as her peers and would not be made to stand on the stage. [ T ] 5. The author earnestly wished that the school teachers would be sympathetic and look past her clothes to the girl beneath. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Text 1

Text Comprehension [ T ] 6. Miss McVee would be remembered by the author not because of her lecture in the English Literature class, but because of her thoughtfully chosen words and compassion in that class. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Text 1

Writing Strategies In the passage a number of expressions and sentences are employed to indicate the ups and downs of the author’s emotions and feelings. Try to pick out these expressions and sentences, so that you can understand how the author creates a vivid mental picture of her emotions. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Text 1

Writing Strategies The following expressions and sentences are used to indicate the author’s emotions

Every day I would battle back tears ... ... I had no choice but to see the punishment through. I couldn’t wait to tell my friends the thrilling news. Heavy-hearted, I dragged myself to school ... trudged up to the stage of my own accord to endure the sniggers Tears of frustration threatened to break free ... 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Text 1

Writing Strategies blinking back tears With downcast eyes and bowed head, tears once again threatened to betray my dejection ... The block of ice that was my young heart thawed instantly and my shoulders rose back to their full height. I floated through the rest of the day buoyed by the warmth ... 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze I. Explain the underlined part(s) in each sentence in your own words. 1. Because of the war, rationing was in place and most schools had relaxed their attitude towards proper uniforms, knowing how hard it was to obtain clothes. the amount of food, water, petrol or other necessary substances was limited; had become less severe or strict with 2. Every day I would battle back tears as I stood in front of my peers, embarrassed and, most often, alone. hold back; schoolmates 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze 3. However, in my 12-year-old mind I had no choice but to see the punishment through. I knew it was very important not to let my well-meaning mother know about this ritual humiliation. endure the punishment; the embarrassment I had to go through every day 4. ... if she ever told my father he would have instantly been on the warpath in my defence. so angry and likely to argue with my teachers in order to protect me 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze 5. There was none of my usual pleasure in putting on the cherished dress that day. the dress that I liked very much 6. At assembly I didn’t bother to wait for the command but trudged up to the stage of my own accord to endure the sniggers of the other girls and the beady eyes of the deputy head. walked slowly and reluctantly to the stage without being asked to do so 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze 7. I consoled myself that I could at least lose myself in Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two Cities for a while at the back of the class to recover and regain my composure. I cheered myself up with the idea; get absorbed in the story of A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens and not think about anything else; calm down and get back my self-control 8. And then she came out with the most welcome sentence I had ever heard at that mean-spirited place. said unexpectedly; agreeable; vicious 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze 9. I floated through the rest of the day buoyed by the warmth generated by her thoughtfully chosen words. was in high spirits; feeling happier and more confident due to 10. Although English Literature was her forte, that day Miss McVee taught me, and perhaps the whole class, a lesson in compassion that I have never forgotten. strong point; instilled in me, and perhaps the whole class, a feeling of pity, sympathy and understanding for someone who was suffering 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze II. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words. ingenious (ingenuity) — he can make the most 1. Johnny is so __________ remarkable sculptures from the most ordinary materials. 2. So what is his ____________ prescription (prescribe) for success? relaxation (relax) of the rules. 3. I cannot allow any __________ assembly 4. All pupils are expected to attend the school assembly _________ (assemble). adorable (adore) two-year-old daughter. 5. She has the most _________ 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze mortification (mortify) of the show’s organizers, the 6. To the ____________ top performers withdrew at the last minute. 7. She was wearing a black suit ________ trimmed (trim) with white. 8. I didn’t know what to say — I just offered a few words of consolation (console). ___________ 9. I didn’t want to lose my composure ___________ (compose) in front of her. 10. She looked a bit ________ dejected (dejection) when she was told that she hadn’t got the job. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze III. Fill in the blank(s) in each sentence with a phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. drag into | speak up for | rife with | of one’s own accord ration out | single out | trudge through | beside oneself | in place | on the warpath | see through | comply with 1. The office was ________ rife with rumors. rationed out the cake between the children. 2. Ann ____________ in 3. The arrangements are all ________ in place placefor the concert next Thursday. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze with 4. There are serious penalties for failure to comply with the ____________ regulations. 5. The course would take me three years to complete, but I through see it through. _______ was determined to ____ spoken up for the rights of working mothers. 6. She has often ______________ 7. If there was one thing she couldn’t face in the morning it was her mother on on the the warpath warpath. ______________ 8. He was beside himself with grief when she died. __________________ 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze into your argument! It has nothing to do with 9. Don’t _____ drag me ____ me. trudging through this report, 10. I spent the whole weekend trudging ________________ and I still haven’t finished reading it. her own accord 11. She came of accord. No one asked her to come. _________________ singled out for 12. It’s not fair the way my sister is always singled ___________ special treatment. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze IV. Explain the meaning of the underlined part in each sentence. 1. The product will have to meet internationally prescribed standards. demanded 2. He relaxed his grip on my arm. loosened his hold 3. At the staff meeting, the manager told the assembled company that no one would lose his job. all the people gathered there 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze 4. I tried to push past her but she barred my way. stood in front of me and prevented me from getting past 5. When Helen criticized me, Chris rushed to my defence. to protect me or to defend me 6. Reports in today’s newspapers have added fuel to the controversy. made the controversy more fierce 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze 7. It tormented me all day — did I remember to lock the door when I left the house? kept worrying me 8. She’s always got her beady eyes on what I’m doing. watching closely 9. I came in from the cold half an hour ago, but I’m only just beginning to thaw out. get warm 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze 10. After reading the letter he was in a buoyant mood. cheerful 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze V. Correct the errors in the following passage. The passage contains ten errors, one in each indicated line. In each case, only one word is involved. Corrections should be done as follows: Wrong word

underline the wrong word and write the correct word in the blank. Extra word

delete the extra word with an “×.” Missing word

mark the position of the missing word with a “∧” and write the missing word in the blank. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze What makes a good teacher? I have been teaching for the last ten years. During that time, I have worked in public schools, universities, extracurricular literacy programs for K-12, adult basic literate, _____ and (1) _________ adult enrichment classes. My youngest student was a 6-year-old girl; my oldest, a grandmother beginning at the age of 63 to honors learn how to read. I’ve taught _____ honor students (2) _________ in a college humanities program, and 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze severely handicapped youth in a public high school. context As a result of my ever-changing ______ content, I’ve (3) _________ spent a lot of time thinking about the craft from and practice of teaching, as separate __ by (4) _________ course content, age of students, size of class, or institutional setting. Everywhere I go, I meet exemplary teachers, and I’ve been interested in figuring out what makes them so good. What I’ve discovered is the inherent 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze of sameness of good teachers, regardless the (5) _________ ∧ substantial differences between them in terms of style, personality, goals, and pattern of interaction with students. Educator and philosopher Parker Palmer teaching once said

“Good teacher ______ isn’t about (6) _________ technique. I’ve asked students around the country to describe their good teachers to me. Some of them describe people who lecture all the time, some of them describe other (7) _________ people who do little _____ rather than facilitate 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze group process, and others describe everything in between. But all of them describe people who have some sort of connective connected ________ capacity, who connect themselves (8) _________ to their students, their students to each other, and everyone to the subject being studied.” When we talk about the quality of someone’s teaching, we address issues of technique, content, and presentation. But we all know 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze people who have tremendous knowledge and fail to communicate it

people who have, (9) _________ but ___ on paper, a great lesson, but whose students are bored or frustrated. When we’re being honest, we admit that good teaching often has ____ more to do with our knowledge and skills (10) _________ less than with our attitude towards our students, our subject, and our work. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze VI. Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE appropriate word. Students vs. Teachers Nicole’s most recent article really interests me a lot by touching on how a student should properly judge his or her teacher in _____ their ability to (1) teach teach. Because I myself, as an inexperienced young college teacher, have so frequently been (2) ___________ confronted with the same problem — students are so likely to ask the questions that they reckon he or teacher so many knotty (3) __________ she will make neither head nor (4) ____ tail of. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze I remember one of the questions that my students once asked plural form of mouse (which me with a cunning frown, “If the (5) ______ is the mammal) is mice, how about the mouse linked on our (6) computers What is its plural form? Mice or mouses?” I was __________ computers? dumbfounded indeed. For I seldom (7) ________ thought about it and never used two such things at the same (8) time time. ____ But I soon sure at the moment and responded that I didn’t know for (9) _____ had to go back and (10) ______ check it out and if you really pressed me for an (11) answer _______ then it must be “mice,” for I could not think of any other (12) possible ________ answer to it through tight logic and sound grammar rules. Later on I found out my timid 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Explaining1 | Filling1 | Filling2 | Explaining2 | Proof-reading | Cloze (13) guess ______ wa作文s right. I was so happy. My students’ attempt to down bring me (14) down _____ with their smart-devised question was thwarted. I claimed the (15) _______ victory in such a clever manner that my students (16) _________ rewarded me with their nodding and after-class admiring chat among themselves. I won another (17) ______ battle of wit. But surely I knew this was not going to be the (18) ____ end; there were going to be more ones harder to crack, end coming pouring onto my face like waterfalls as soon as I saw my students again. It was a nightmare. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Translating Sentences | Translating Passage I. Translate the following sentences into English, using the words or phrases given in brackets. 1.这家公司是由几名有事业心的年轻人创立的。(enterprising) The company was started by a couple of enterprising young men. 2. 那是他唯一一次自己在午夜前睡觉的,因为他实在太累了。

(of one’s own accord) It was the only time when he went to bed of his own accord before midnight, because he was really too tired. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Translating Sentences | Translating Passage 3. 经过长时间的仔细酝酿,书才得以完成。(meticulous) Many hours of meticulous preparation have gone into writing the book. 4. 她从头到脚穿着一身黑。(be attired) She was attired from head to foot in black. 5. 为攒我们去度假的钱,我节衣缩食整整一年。(scrimp and save) I’ve been scrimping and saving all year to pay for our holiday. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Translating Sentences | Translating Passage 6. 我知道他是好意,但我希望他别来管我们。(well-meaning) I know he’s well-meaning, but I wish he’d leave us alone. 7. 当有人指出他犯了错误时,他非常生气。(indignant) He became very indignant when it was suggested he had made a mistake. 8. 说了多少次了,安东尼,刀子和叉子要放入中间的抽屉! (umpteen) I’ve told you for umpteen times, Anthony, knives and forks go in the middle drawer! 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Translating Sentences | Translating Passage 9. 缝纫恐怕不是我的专长。(forte) I’m afraid sewing isn’t one of my fortes. 10. 观众热烈的欢迎使她十分高兴。(buoy) She was buoyed by the warm reception her audience gave her. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Translating Sentences | Translating Passage II. Translate the following passage into English. 纽约大学的外国学生来自130多个国家,50%来自亚洲,主 要是韩国、日本和中国。大学所有 14 个学院都有外国学生就读。

这些学院包括文理学院、法学院、商学院和教育学院。

75% 的 外国留学生在研究生院学习。约 25% 的学生接受四年制的本科 教育,学习期满,他们可获得学士学位。 在纽约大学上学的费用因就读学院的不同而不同。举例来 说,在瓦格纳 (Wagner) 公用事业研究生院学习一年的学费约为 19 000 美元。纽约大学其他一些学院的学费有的比这高一些, 有的则低一些。住宿费约为9 000美元一年。 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Translating Sentences | Translating Passage 在纽约大学攻读学士学位的学生可以向金融机构贷款,用 以支付学习费用。纽约大学研究生院的外国留学生可以在校内 得到教学或研究工作的职位,他们也可以从金融机构获得贷款。 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Translating Sentences | Translating Passage 参考译文 The foreign students at New York University come from more than 130 countries. Fifty percent are from Asia, especially South Korea, Japan and China. Foreign students are studying in all fourteen schools within the university. These include arts and sciences, law, business and education. Seventy-five percent of the foreign students are in graduate school. About twenty-five percent are in four-year programs that lead to a bachelor’s degree. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Translating Sentences | Translating Passage The cost of attending New York University is different in each of its schools. For example, one year of study at the Wagner Graduate School of Public Service costs about $19,000. Some other schools within NYU cost more. Some cost less. The housing cost is about $9,000 a year. Bachelor’s degree students at NYU can borrow money from financial institutions to help pay for their studies. Foreign students in graduate school at NYU can get teaching or research jobs at the university. They can also get loans from financial institutions. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Notes of Translating Sentences enterprising adj. willing to try or think of new ideas or methods e.g. 1. It's very enterprising of them to start up a business like that. 2. It was enterprising of him to go by himself. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Notes of Translating Sentences do something of your own accord to do something without being asked, forced, or helped by someone else e.g. Do you think David resigned of his own accord? 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Notes of Translating Sentences meticulous adj. very thorough and with careful attention to detail e.g. Everyone agreed that it was a piece of meticulous research. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Notes of Translating Sentences attired adj. dressed e.g. elegantly attired in a red gown 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Notes of Translating Sentences scrimp and save to be very thrifty; to live on very little money, often in order to save up for something. e.g. 1.We had to scrimp and save in order to send the children to college. 2.The Smiths pinched and scraped all year in order to go on a Caribbean cruise. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Notes of Translating Sentences well-meaning adj. trying to help but often making things worse e.g. 1. Her well-meaning remarks just make us uncomfortable. 2. a well-meaning friend/person/group 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Notes of Translating Sentences indignant adj. angry because of an unfair situation or someone's unfair behaviour e.g. 1. I was indignant because I felt that I had been punished unfairly. 2. He was very indignant with his wife over her improper conduct. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Notes of Translating Sentences umpteenth adj. a lot of e.g. 1. For the umpteenth time, I tell you I don't know! 2. This was Ferguson's umpteenth trophy for United. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Notes of Translating Sentences forte n. something that someone is very good at or knows a lot about e.g. 1. I should warn you that public speaking isn't really my forte. 2. The small talk was not the forte of either leader. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 Notes of Translating Sentences buoy vt. to encourage someone and make them feel more confident e.g. He has been buoyed up by the news. 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案 综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

第一篇:in,my,own,words

Unit One

A Class Act TEXT COMPREHENSION IV. Explain in your own words the following sentences taken from the text. 1. I was extremely excited when I imagined myself in attractive pictures like those of popular actresses in Hollywood. 2. I felt so frustrated that I was on the verge of tears when I wondered, as I had done innumerable times, why the unsympathetic teacher would not overlook my clothes even once and see how hard I tried to comply with the school policy and how eager I was to participate in all the activities. LANGUAGE WORK I. Explain the underlined parts in each sentence in your own words. 1). Because of the war, rationing was in place and most schools had relaxed their attitude towards proper uniforms, knowing how hard it was to obtain clothes. ? the amount of food, water, petrol or other necessary substances was limited; had become less severe or strict with 2). Every day I would battle back tears as I stood in front of my peers, embarrassed and, most often, alone. ? hold back; schoolmates 3). However, in my 12-year-old mind I had no choice but to see the punishment through. I knew it was very important not to let my well-meaning mother know about this ritual humiliation. ? endure the punishment; the embarrassment I had to go through every day 4). ... if she ever told my father he would have instantly been on the warpath in my defence. ? so angry and likely to argue with my teachers in order to protect me 5). There was none of my usual pleasure in putting on the cherished dress that day. ? the dress that I liked very much 6). At assembly I didn’t bother to wait for the command but trudged up to the stage of my own accord to endure the sniggers of the other girls and the beady eyes of the deputy head. ? walked slowly and reluctantly to the stage without being asked to do so 7). I consoled myself that I could at least lose myself in Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two Cities for a while at the back of the class to recover and regain my composure. ? I cheered myself up with the idea; get absorbed in the story of A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens and not think about anything else; calm down and get back my self-control 8). And then she came out with the most welcome sentence I had ever heard at that mean-spirited place. ? said unexpectedly; agreeable; vicious 9). I floated through the rest of the day buoyed by the warmth generated by her thoughtfully chosen words. ? was in high spirits; feeling happier and more confident due to 10). Although English Literature was her forte, that day Miss McVee taught me, and perhaps the whole class, a lesson in compassion that I have never forgotten. ? strong point; instilled in me, and perhaps the whole class, a feeling of pity, sympathy and understanding for someone who was suffering TRANSLATION I. Translate the following sentences into English, using the words or phrases given in brackets. 1).这家公司是由几名有事业心的年轻人创立的。(enterprising) ? The company was started by a couple of enterprising young men. 2). 那是他唯一一次自己在午夜前睡觉的,因为他实在太累了。(of one’s own accord) ?It was the only time when he went to bed of his own accord before midnight, because he was really too tired. 3). 经过长时间的仔细酝酿,书才得以完成。(meticulous) ? Many hours of meticulous preparation have gone into writing the book. 4). 她从头到脚穿着一身黑。(be attired) ? She was attired from head to foot in black. 5). 为攒我们去度假的钱,我节衣缩食整整一年。(scrimp and save) ? I’ve been scrimping and saving all year to pay for our holiday. 6). 我知道他是好意,但我希望他别来管我们。(well-meaning) ? I know he’s well-meaning, but I wish he’d leave us alone. 7). 当有人指出他犯了错误时,他非常生气。(indignant) ? He became very indignant when it was suggested he had made a mistake. 8). 说了多少次了,安东尼,刀子和叉子要放入中间的抽屉!(umpteen) ? I’ve told you for umpteen times, Anthony, knives and forks go in the middle drawer! 9). 缝纫恐怕不是我的专长。(forte) ? I’m afraid sewing isn’t one of my fortes. 10). 观众热烈的欢迎使她十分高兴。(buoy) ? She was buoyed by the warm reception her audience gave her. II. Translate the following passage into English. 参考译文 The foreign students at New York University come from more than 130 countries. Fifty percent are from Asia, especially South Korea, Japan and China. Foreign students are studying in all fourteen schools within the university. These include arts and sciences, law, business and education. Seventy-five percent of the foreign students are in graduate school. About twenty-five percent are in four-year programs that lead to a bachelor’s degree. The cost of attending New York University is different in each of its schools. For example, one year of study at the Wagner Graduate School of Public Service costs about $19,000. Some other schools within NYU cost more. Some cost less. The housing cost is about $9,000 a year. Bachelor’s degree students at NYU can borrow money from financial institutions to help pay for their studies. Foreign students in graduate school at NYU can get teaching or research jobs at the university. They can also get loans from financial institutions. Chinese Translation of Paragraphs 1. 二战时,曼彻斯特饱受空袭之苦。成长在那里, 意味着岁月艰难、钱财短缺、心情焦虑, 也意味着许多家庭都是当铺的常客,包括我家。

2. 不过,我的父母最是乐观向上。他们用勤劳、自尊和满屋子的欢笑撑起了这个家。我 父亲身体结实,心灵手巧,他那双手几乎无所不能,从不缺木匠和手工活儿。他甚至偶尔还 会参加偏 僻街道的拳击比赛,补贴家用。我母亲勤俭节约,把家收拾得干净利落 。尽管条 件艰苦,但她总能让自己的五个孩子吃得饱饱、穿得整整齐齐、干干净净地上学去。

3. 问题是:虽说我的衣服熨得有棱有角,皮鞋擦得铮亮铮亮的,可总有些地方不符合标 准校服的要求。

尽管母亲缩衣节食为我筹到了大部分装束, 但我仍然没能凑齐学校指定的蓝 色运动上衣和帽圈。

4. 由于战争影响,开始实施配给制度,大部分学校也放宽了对正规校服的要求,因为学 校明白能有衣服穿已属不易。然而,我就读的女子学校却严格规定,每位学生必须穿正规的 校服。于是那位负责每天集合的副校长就将训斥我视为她的任务来做。

5. 尽管我试图去解释我为何没能按规定着装,尽管我也正逐渐向全套校服靠近,我每天 依然会被揪出队列,在台上罚站,作为对违反校服规定者的警戒。

6. 我每天站在同学面前,只能强忍泪水,不仅羞愧难耐,而且常常只有我一人挨罚 。对 我的惩罚还扩大到不能上体操课或者我钟爱的每周一次的交谊舞课。

我多么希望在这所可怕 的学校里, 哪怕只有一位老师能睁开双眼看看我能够做什么, 而不是不停地告诉我不能做什 么啊! 7. 不过,12 岁的我在心里也毫无选择,只有眼睁睁地挨受惩罚。我明白不能让仁厚的母 亲知道我所遭受的这种习惯性羞辱,这点非常重要。我也不敢冒险让她到学校替我求情,因 为我知道那些心胸狭隘、 不讲情面的教员们也同样会令她难堪, 这意味着到时我们母女俩都 要伤心、愤怒。老天!要是母亲再 告诉父亲的话,他立马会大发雷霆,冲到学校来保护我 。

8. 一天,我们全家在一家报纸举办的不收取费用的肖像模特摄影比赛中获了奖。我为此 兴奋不已

那些好莱坞女星魅力四射的照片更令我想入非非。

我迫不及待地想把这个激动人 心的消息告诉朋友们。

9. 在那之前,母亲告诉我必须穿那件绿色蕾丝镶边裙——我最好的服装——去上学,因为 摄影比赛正好安排在放学之后。她丝毫没有意识到我所要面临的痛苦。

10. 那天,我没有往常穿上这件心爱衣服时的喜悦。我心情郁闷地拖着沉重的步伐来到学 校, 发现自己成为了蓝色海洋中的一颗绿宝石。

集合的时候, 我没等人下命令就慢步走上台, 去承受其他女生的窃笑和副校长那尖刻的眼神。

11. 当我第无数次想到,这位老师怎么会如此麻木不仁,竟然从未透过我的着装,看看这 颗顺从听话、渴望参与的女孩的心灵的时候,沮丧的泪水几欲夺眶而出。

12. 集合之后的第一节课是我钟爱的英国文学,上课的教师也是我所钟爱的。我安慰自己 说,至少我可以在后排座位上暂时沉浸在查尔斯· 狄更斯的《双城记》之中,以便能回过神 儿镇定下来。可是上课铃一响,麦克维小姐就叫我坐在前排正对她的座位上。可想而知,我 当时是多么惊慌失措。我缓慢地站了起来,忍着泪水,走到前排。心想,麦克维小姐不会也 加入到敌人的阵营里了吧? 13. 我在前排坐下,麦克维小姐将头扭到一边,上下仔细地打量着我。接着,她说出了在 那所讨厌的学校里听到的最中听的一句话。

14. “亲爱的,我敢说你是这所死气沉沉的学校里一道最亮丽、最可爱的风景。可惜啊, 我只能有幸看你一节课,而不是一整天。

”我幼小心灵中的那块坚冰瞬间消融了,我也不禁 挺直了肩膀。

15. 我相信我当时回敬她的笑容是她所见过的最灿烂的笑容了。她仔细斟酌的话语温暖了 我,让我兴高采烈地度过了整整一天。

16. 我垂着双眼低着头。在一次又一次地被叫出队列之后,虽然我始终竭力不让自己的痛苦 外露,但泪水还是又差点出卖了我内心的沮丧。

17. 虽然麦克维小姐的专长是英语文学, 但那天她却给我——给全班——上了一堂持怜悯 之心的课,我永志不忘。她让我明白,一句及时的友善之言可以让人受益终生。着实,她贴 心的话让我内心变得坚强起来,再也不为什么人、什么事所伤害。
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