英语长难句精解70句 高中英语句子成分分析

来源:思想汇报 发布时间:2019-08-25 15:24:43 点击:

高中英语句子成分分析

高中英语句子成分分析 高中英语句子成分分析精选 简单句的句子成份分析(主语、谓语、宾语、定语) 句子的基本成份分析是高中英语语法学习的基础准备。不会分析句子 成份,高中阶段的主要语法的学习如定语从句、名词性从句、非谓语等就会显得 十分困难。

一.句子的主要成份与次要成份 [讲解] 句子成分是句子中起一定功用的组成部分。句子的主要成份 由主语和谓语部分部分组成。句子的次要成分有宾语、定语、状语、表语、补语、 同位语等。其中,补语与同位语在高中阶段较常见。

例如:
(主语) (定语修饰 主语) (系动词) (表语) (状语) (主语) (谓语) (宾语) (补语) (状语) [练习] 在括号内写出以下句子划线部分的基本成份 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 二、主语及充当主语的词性、形式、短语或句子 [讲解]主语是句子的主体,是谓语陈述或说明的对象。正常语序的句 子的主语在谓语动词前面或系动词前面。充当主语的词性有名词、代词、数词等。

这一点我们在初中阶段较为熟悉。例如:
主语由名词deer来充当) 主语由代词 everything来充当) 主语由数词99来充当) 以下充当主语的情况在高中阶段较为常见。他们是:不定式、动名词 等形式充当主语,动名词短语、不定式短语、介词短语充当主语以及充当主语从 句充当主语。例如:
主语由不定式to say来充当) 主语由不定式短语to host a party 来充当) ’s health.(主语由动名词swimming来充当) 主语由动名词短语Walking his pet dog every day来充当) 主语由what he said这一主语从句来充当) [练习] 在以下句子的主语部分加下划线并在括号内写出充当主语的 词性、形式、短语或句子。

You, he and I are all senior school students.( )Nothing is more important than EQ.( ) To learn a foreign language calls for patiences.( ) Being honest will pay.( ) Where his mother will go is a secret.( ) 三、谓语以及充当谓语的动词 [讲解] 谓语说明主语的的动作、行为、特征或状态,谓语动词说明 主语所表示的人物“干什么”或“怎么样”。谓语动词有不及物动词、系动词和及物 动词三大类。谓语动词必须反映出人称、单复数、时态等信息,除了一般现在时 和一般过去时的主被动形式外,谓语动词往往由下列词语中的两个或两个以上依 序排列构成:情态动词+时态助动词+语态助动词+主要动词。例如:
作谓语, 系动词) (work作谓语,不及物动词) 高中英语句子成分分析阅读 宾语及充当宾语的词性、形式、短语或句子 [讲解]宾语表示行为的对象。宾语放在及物动词或者介词之后。充当 宾语的词性有名词、代词、数词、不定式、动名词、不定式短语、动名词短语、 宾语从句充当主语。例如:
名词作宾语) 代词作宾语) (数词作宾语) (不定式作 宾语) (动名词作宾语) (不定式短语作宾语) (动名词短语作宾语) (宾语从句作宾 语) [练习] 根据汉语提示将以下句子的宾语译成英语。

1. I like my new ________(学校) and my __________(同学). 2. My bag is red while ______(你的) is brown. 3. Do you want ______ ______ ______ ______(休息一下) 4.Let’s stop ______(工作) and go out for a change. 5. Can you understand ______ ______ ______(我所说的话) just now 定语及充当定语的词性、形式、短语或句子定语用来修饰或限制名词或代词。可用作定语的有形容词、代词、数 词、名词、名词所有格、分词、动词-ing形式、动词不定式、副词、介词短语及 从句等。例如:
(1)名词作定语:A book cover, a coffee cup, a table leg, a mountain plant (2)形容词(短语)作定语: an attractive sight, people alive, (3)副词(短语)作定语: The students here work hard. The book over there is his. (4)介词短语作定语: The pencil-bos on the desk is mine. (5) 动名词、分词(短语)定语: He is a walking dictionary (6)不定式(短语): Is there anything to eat (7)定语从句: The bookcase that was bought yesterday is cheap. [练习] 将下列句中作定语的部分划线. 1.I need a book cover. 2.John is a handsome star. 3.The trees over there grow green. 4.The books in my schoolbag are readable. 5. The crowds waiting for Yang Liwei cheered up. 6. I’d like to introduce a book called A Woman in White to you. 第2 / 3页 7.The computer to be repaired is on the desk. 8. Do you know the date when he was born 高中英语句子成分分析学习 练习A 1、 ___ six years since I began to study English. A. It is B. I have been C. There are D. It was 2 、___ in the room at that time. A. Nobody was B. Someone were C. Who is D. He are 3 、IT"S very noisy outside. ___ is going on A. Who B. What C. Which D. Where 4、 ___ in English in class every day is important. A. Speak B. Talking C. Saying D. To tell 5 、There must be____ near the factory. A. a book store B. book store C. books store D. books stores 6 、Although it"s raining hard, ___ are still working in the fields. A. but they B. and they C. they D. since they B 1、 The doctor as well as the nurses ___ great concern for the patients. A. show B. shows C. have shown D. are showing 2、 Your son must be a clever boy, ___ he A. is B. isn"t C. must D. mustn"t 3、 The computer center, ___ last year, is very popular among students in this school. A. open B. opening C. opened D. being opened 4 、I ___ go to the shop today, for there is a lot of food at home. A. mustn"t B. had to C. can"t D. needn"t5 、Don"t ___ excited. A. get B. is C. seem D. look 6 This room ___ every morning. A. is cleaning B. is cleaned C. cleans D. cleaning推荐访问:句子成分 高中英语 分析 高中英语句子成分分析 高中英语句子成分讲解 20个英语复杂句及解析

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